Poison Ivy: Hairy Vine, A Danger Sign

Posted by on Dec 26, 2013 in adaptations, plant parts, Unmowed Blog, winter | 1 comment

Leaflets three, let it be! You’ve probably heard that old bit of sage advice. But how can you tell if it’s poison ivy twined around your backyard tree or chunk of firewood, when the leaflets three are long gone?

Vines climb trees in many different ways–by corkscrewing around the trunk, by using hooks or suction cups or tendrils. But poison ivy’s method of ascent is unmistakable. Poison ivy gets to the top by growing thread-like rootlets all along the length of its stems. At first the rootlets appear as little patches that look like tufts of fuzzy hair. poison ivy hairy vineAs the vine ages, more and more rootlets grow, forming a thick pelt of what appears to be auburn fur that covers the entire vine. Very odd–it looks more like a mammal than a plant. Resist the temptation to stroke the fuzzy pelt–it can still cause a rash even in winter.

The wiry little roots dig their way into every tiny crevice in the bark, and hold on tight. If you were daft enough to try to rip a poison ivy vine off a tree, you’d discover that it’s so tightly welded to the tree that often the bark comes off with the vine.

Logs cut up for firewood sometimes have a chunk of PI vine grafted to their side, and are thrown unnoticed into the fire. Tiny droplets of urushiol, the chemical that causes skin irritation, are carried by the smoke, and breathing it in can be extremely dangerous.

Poison ivy doesn’t need to twine itself around the tree for support. It goes straight up the side, clutching the bark as it climbs to the light. This means that while PI is, like all vines, parasitic, poison ivy has minimal impact on the trees that “host” it. Unlike many vines which rapidly kill their unfortunate host, poison ivy is relatively benign. Poison ivy leaves can overshadow some of the leaves of the tree that it invades, but PI prefers to climb mature trees with craggy bark, older trees which are more or less unaffected by their uninvited guest.

Itching to know more? Check out my books:

In Praise of Poison Ivy: The Secret Virtues, Astonishing History, and Dangerous Lore of the World’s Most Hated Plant. Identification, tips for healing the itch, and why birds love PI–everything (and more) that you ever wanted to know about poison ivy.

Leaflets Three, Let It Be! A picture book for pre-K to Grade 3, to help the youngest explorers enjoy nature safely.hairy vine poison ivy

 

 

 

One Comment

  1. Wow. You sure have a lot of information about poison ivy. There might be enough to fill a book. 😉

Follow this blog or leave a reply

%d bloggers like this: